BRAZILIAN JIU JITSU
Brazilian Jiu Jitsu is a martial art, combat sport, and a self defense system that focuses on grappling and especially ground fighting. The art was derived from the Japanese martial art of Kodokan judo in the early 20th century. It teaches that a smaller, weaker person can successfully defend against a bigger, stronger assailant by using leverage and proper technique most notably by applying joint-locks and choke holds to defeat the other person.
Brazilian Jiu Jitsu training can be used for sport grappling tournaments (gi and no-gi) and mixed martial arts (MMA) competition or self defense. Sparring (commonly referred to as 'rolling') and live drilling play a major role in training, and a premium is placed on performance, especially in competition, in relation to progress and ascension through the grades/belts.
The art is sometimes referred to as Gracie Jiu Jitsu (GJJ), this name was trademarked by Rorion Gracie, but after a legal dispute with his cousin Carley Gracie, his trademark to the name was voided. Other members of the Gracie family often call their style by personalized names, such as Charles Gracie Jiu Jitsu or Renzo Gracie Jiu Jitsu, and similarly, the Machado family call their style Machado Jiu Jitsu (MJJ). While each style and its instructors have their own unique aspects, they are all basic variations of Brazilian Jiu Jitsu.
Today there are four major branches of BJJ from Brazil: Gracie Humaita, Gracie Barra, Carlson Gracie Jiu Jitsu and Alliance Jiu Jitsu. Each branch can trace its roots back to Mitsuyo Maeda and the Gracie family.
Maeda met an influential businessman named Gastão Gracie who helped him get established. In 1916, his 14 year-old son Carlos Gracie watched a demonstration by Maeda at the Teatro da Paz, in Belém, and decided to learn the art. Maeda accepted Carlos as a student, and Carlos went on to become a great exponent of the art and ultimately, with his younger brother Hélio Gracie became the founder of Gracie Jiu Jitsu.
In 1921, Gastão Gracie and his family moved to Rio de Janeiro. Carlos, then 17 years old, passed Maeda's teachings on to his brothers Osvaldo, Gastão and Jorge. Hélio was too young and sick at that time to learn the art, and due to medical imposition was prohibited to take part in the training sessions. Despite that, Hélio learned fromwatching his brothers. He eventually overcame his health problems and is now considered by many as the founder of Brazilian Jiu Jitsu (though others, have pointed to Carlos as the founder).
Hélio competed in several submission-based competitions which mostly ended in him winning. One defeat (in Brazil in 1951) was by visiting Japanese judoka Masahiko Kimura, whose surname gave to the arm lock used to defeat Hélio. The Gracie family continued to develop the system throughout the 20th century, often fighting vale tudo matches (precursors to modern MMA), during which it increased its focus on ground fighting and refined its techniques.
Today, the main differences between the BJJ styles is
between traditional Gracie Jiu Jitsus emphasis on
self-defense, and Sport Brazilian Jiu Jitsu orientation
towards competition. There is a large commonality of
techniques between the two. Also, there is a wide
variety of ideals in training in different schools in
terms of the utilization of pure or submission
technique versus skillful application of pressure to
overcome an opponent.
Jiu Jitsu came to international prominence in the
martial arts community in the early 1990s, when
Brazilian Jiu Jitsu expert Royce Gracie won the first,
second and fourth Ultimate Fighting Championships,
which at the time were single elimination martial arts
tournaments. Royce fought against often much-larger
opponents who were practicing other styles, including
boxing, shoot-fighting, karate, judo and tae kwon do.
It has since become a staple art for many
MMA fighters and is largely credited for bringing
widespread attention to the importance of ground
fighting. Sport BJJ tournaments continue to grow in
popularity worldwide and have given rise to no-gi
submission grappling tournaments, such as the
ADCC Submission Wrestling World Championship.
Brazilian Jiu Jitsu emphasizes taking an opponent
to the ground and utilizing ground fighting techniques
and submission holds involving joint-locks and choke
\holds also found in numerous other arts with or
without ground fighting emphasis. The premise
is that most of the advantage of a larger,
stronger opponent comes from superior reach
and more powerful strikes, both of which are
somewhat negated when grappling on the ground.
PLEASE CLICK ON THE KIDS BJJ OR AULTS BJJ LINKS
ON THIS PAGE TO FIND OUT MORE INFORMATION
FOR CLASS TIMES OR GO TO OUR CLASS SCHEDULE
FOR A COMPLETE TIMETABLE.